表格(TABLE)标记(TAGS)


+ 表格的基本语法

<table>...</table> - 定义表格
<tr> - 定义表行
<th> - 定义表头
<td> - 定义表元(表格的具体数据)

带边框的表格:
<table border><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C


不带边框的表格:

<table><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

+ 跨多行、多列的表元(Table Span)

 

跨多列的表元 <th colspan=#>

<table border><tr><th colspan=3> Morning Menu</th><tr><th>Food</th>       <th>Drink</th>  <th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td></table>
Morning Menu
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

跨多行的表元 <th rowspan=#>

<table border><tr><th rowspan=3> Morning Menu</th>        <th>Food</th> <td>A</td></tr><tr><th>Drink</th> <td>B</td></tr><tr><th>Sweet</th> <td>C</td></tr></table>
Morning Menu Food A
Drink B
Sweet C

+ 表格尺寸设置

 

<table border=#>

边框尺寸设置:
<table border=10><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

<table border width=# height=#>

表格尺寸设置:
<table border width=170 height=100><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

<table border cellspacing=#>

表元间隙设置:
<table border cellspacing=10><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

<table border cellpadding=#>

表元内部空白设置:
<table border cellpadding=10><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

+ 表格内文字的对齐/布局

 

<tr align=#>

<th align=#> #=left, center, right

<td align=#>

<table border width=160><tr>                <th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr>                <td align=left>A</td>                <td align=center>B</td>                <td align=right>C</td>  </table>
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

<tr valign=#>

<th valign=#> #=top, middle, bottom, baseline

<td valign=#>

<table border height=100><tr>                <th>Food</th><th>Drink</th>                <th>Sweet</th><th>Other</th><tr>                <td valign=top>A</td>                <td valign=middle>B</td>                <td valign=bottom>C</td>                <td valign=baseline>D</td></table>
Food Drink Sweet Other
A B C D

+ 表格在页面中的对齐/布局(Floating Table)

 

<table align=left>

<table align="left" border><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td></table>My favorites...<br>cookies, chocolates, and more.
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

My favorites...
cookies, chocolates, and more.


 

<table align=right>

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

My favorites...
cookies, chocolates, and more.


<table vspace=# hspace=#> #=space value

<table align="left" border vspace=20 hspace=30><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td></table>My favorites...<br>cookies, chocolates, and more.
Food Drink Sweet
A B C

My favorites...
cookies, chocolates, and more.


+ 表格的标题

 

<caption align=#> ... </caption> #=left, center, right

<table border><caption align=center>Lunch</caption><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>

Lunch

Food Drink Sweet
A B C

 

<caption valign=#> ... </caption> #=top, bottom

<table border><caption valign=bottom>Lunch</caption><tr><th>Food</th><th>Drink</th><th>Sweet</th><tr><td>A</td><td>B</td><td>C</td>      </table>

Lunch

Food Drink Sweet
A B C